The Ferns of Galiano Island, BC

Last updated July 2018

To date our community has documented a total of 10 species of fern for Galiano Island, confirming 91% of the historical records and adding 2 new species to the list. A total of 11 species are now reported for the island—with the moonwort Sceptridium multifidum still at large!

With 409 species known within the Georgia Depression and 859 species reported for British Columbia, our dataset represents a tiny fraction of the total spider diversity of our region. If you would like to contribute to our knowledge of Galiano Island’s spiders, please add your observations to the Biodiversity Galiano project. Because spider taxonomy often relies on the study of minute sexual characters, however, it is often necessary to collect specimens to identify them to species. Even then, they must be sexually mature! Spiders are also sexually dimorphic, so you can expect a fair amount of morphological variation in a given species. For more information on spider identification and collection, please don’t hesitate to contact the project curator.

Below you can explore a diagram showing the species reported for Galiano, organized by family (note the diagram does not show relationships between families, only species). Click the links to view local Galiano island-based observations of species documented so far. A gallery of the spiders documented to date on the project follows.

Our community is especially indebted to Robb Bennett, Darren Copley and Claudia Copley at the Royal BC Museum for their support of this project.


  • Reported Spider Diversity: Galiano Island vs the Georgia Depression Ecoprovince [51:409 spp.] (Copley et al. unpublished data) 12% 12%
  • Reported Spider Diversity: Galiano Island vs British Columbia [51:859 spp.] (Bennett et al. 2017) 6% 6%
<h4>Local Observations</h4><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><style type="text/css" media="screen"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget { font-family: Georgia, serif; padding: 10px; line-height: 1;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget-header {margin-bottom: 10px;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget td {vertical-align: top; padding-bottom: 10px;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-label { color: #888; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-meta { font-size: smaller; margin-top: 3px; line-height: 1.2;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-observation-body, .inat-user-body { padding-left: 10px; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-observation-image {text-align: center;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-observation-image, .inat-user-image { width: 48px; display: inline-block; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-observation-image img, .inat-user-image img { max-width: 48px; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-observation-image img { vertical-align: middle; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget-small .inat-observation-image { display:block; float: left; margin: 0 3px 3px 0; height:48px;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-label, .inat-value, .inat-user { font-family: "Trebuchet MS", Arial, sans-serif; }<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-user-body {vertical-align: middle;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget td.inat-user-body {vertical-align: middle;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->.inat-widget .inat-footer td.inat-value {vertical-align: middle; padding-left: 10px;}<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></style><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --><div class="inat-widget"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <div class="inat-widget-header"><a href=""><img alt="" src="" /></a></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="//"></script><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <table class="inat-footer"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <tr class="inat-user"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <td class="inat-value"><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <strong><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> <a href="">View more observations of spiders on <nobr> »</nobr></a><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> </strong><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> </td><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> </tr><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --> </table><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] --></div><!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->

Photo Gallery

The gallery was not found!<!-- [et_pb_line_break_holder] -->

Species List

Common Name
Project Status
licorice fernPolypodium glycyrrhizaD.C. EatonPolypodialesPolypodiaceaenativeconfirmedJ. A. Calder (1961)Lauren Magner & Andrew Simon (2015)
goldback fernPentagramma triangularis(Kaulf.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw.PolypodialesPteridaceaenativeconfirmedJ. A. Calder (1961)Lauren Magner & Andrew Simon (2015)
western sword fernPolystichum munitum(Kaulf.) C. PreslPolypodialesDryopteridaceaenativeconfirmedA. Wood (1975)Andrew Simon (2015)
bracken fernPteridium aquilinum ssp. pubescensL. Underw.PolypodialesDennstaedtiaceaenativeconfirmedHarvey Janszen (1980)Andrew Simon (2015)
brittle bladderfernCystopteris fragilis(L.) Bernh.PolypodialesCystopteridaceaenativeconfirmedHarvey Janszen (1996)Lauren Magner & Andrew Simon (2016)
lady fernAthyrium filix-femina spp. cyclosorum(Rupr.) C. Chr.PolypodialesAthyriaceaenativeconfirmedHans Roemer (2000)Lauren Magner & Andrew Simon (2015)
deer fernBlechnum spicant(L.) Sm.PolypodialesBlechnaceaenativeconfirmedHarvey Janszen (2003)Lauren Magner & Andrew Simon (2016)
spiny wood fernDryopteris expansa(C. Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & JermyPolypodialesDryopteridaceaenativeconfirmedHarvey Janszen (2003)Alison, Laura & Malcolm Colwell (2016)
maidenhair spleenwortAsplenium trichomanesL.PolypodialesAspleniaceaenativenew 2016Adam Huggins (2016)
western maidenhair fernAdiantum aleuticum(Rupr.) C.A. ParisPolypodialesPteridaceaenativenew 2017Andrew Simon (2017)
leathery moonwortSceptridium multifidum(S.G.Gmel.) TagawaOphioglossalesOphioglossaceaenativereportedHarvey Janszen (1979)undocumented