Montague Provincial Park

Montague (Sumnuw) Provincial Park’s Biodiversity

Last updated January 2019

Presented is a working list of species known to Montague Provincial Park, a culturally significant protected area known as Sumnuw in the Hul’qumi’num language. This dynamic marine park protects highly productive ecosystems at the interface of land and sea, which over many thousands of years have been modified and enhanced through human activities. Where a tombolo composed of shell connects (and creates) the Gray Peninsula, a salt marsh and tidal lagoon have been formed, with mud flats providing important habitat for clams and other intertidal creatures. Above these features are meadows, coastal Douglas-fir forests and rock outcrops rising to 180 m above sea level, all limned by a shoreline of sandstone and shale, and the pristine shell beaches below.

Historical biological records from Sumnuw include collections made by Wilfred Schofield, Frank Boas (bryophytes), Willa Noble (lichens), Gerald Straley and Frank Lomer (vascular plants). Complementing these historical reports, recent observations have been made by Tom Appleby, Kathleen Buckley, Lena Chiasson, Tyson Ehlers, Adam Huggins, Adam Jermakow, John Magner, Lauren Magner, Ayla Malcolm, Deborah McKechnie, Larissa Marie, Emily Menzies, Andrew Simon, Kevin Toomer, Alexandra Trifonidis, Levi Wilson and Alexander Wright.

Browse the gallery on the right to see photos of Sumnuw’s biodiverse coastal landscape. The following list is searchable and can be sorted by scientific name, common name, group, family, conservation status and provenance. Please add to our knowledge of the park’s flora and fauna by contributing your photographs of species to the Biodiversity Galiano project. If you’d like your landscape photography featured in the Sumnuw gallery, please contact Sarah Tweedale. You’re encouraged to share a “nature note” along with any photographs you submit!

Scientific Name
Common name
Group/Habit
Family
Status
Observer(s)
Fucus distichusrockweedalgae, kelp & seagrassFucaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017)
Scinaia confusared antlersalgae, kelp & seagrassGalaxauraceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Laminaria sp.kelpalgae, kelp & seagrassLaminariaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Nereocystis luetkeanabull kelpalgae, kelp & seagrassLessoniaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Zostera marinaeelgrassalgae, kelp & seagrassZosteraceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Serpula columbianaserpulid wormannelidsSerpulidaeunlistedK. Wall (2015)
Bombus vosnesenskiiyellow-faced bumblebeeants, bees, wasps, sawfliesApidaeS5 (2016)T. Ehlers (2017)
Blapylis sp.darkling beetlebeetlesTenebrionidaeA. Simon (2016)
Branta canadensisCanada goosebirdsAnatidaeS5 (2015)A. Simon (2016); K. Toomer (2017)
Bucephala islandicaBarrow's goldeneyebirdsAnatidaeS4S5 (2015)A. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017); K. Toomer (2017)
Histrionicus histrionicusharlequin duckbirdsAnatidaeS4B,S3N (2015)A. Simon (2017); K. Toomer (2018)
Mareca americanaAmerican wigeonbirdsAnatidaeS5B,S5N (2015)K. Toomer (2017)
Melanitta perspicillatasurf scoterbirdsAnatidaeS3B,S4N (2015)K. Buckley (2017); K. Toomer (2017)
Mergus serratorred-breasted merganserbirdsAnatidaeS4B (2015)K. Toomer (2017)
Ardea herodias fanninigreat blue heronbirdsArdeidaeS2S3B,S4N (2009)A. Simon (2016)
Cathartes auraturkey vulturebirdsCathartidaeS4 (2015)L. Magner (2017)
Charadrius vociferuskilldeerbirdsCharadriidaeS4S5B (2015)K. Toomer (2017)
Corvus caurinusNorthwestern crowbirdsCorvidaeS5 (2015)K. Buckley (2017)
Corvus coraxcommon ravenbirdsCorvidaeS5B (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Cymatogaster aggregatashiner surfperchbirdsEmbiotocidaeunlistedT. Appleby (2018)
Haematopus bachmaniblack oystercatcherbirdsHaematopodidaeS4 (2015)A. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017)
Larus canusmew gullbirdsLaridaeS4B (2015)K. Buckley (2017); A. Simon (2017)
Larus delawarensisring-billed gullbirdsLaridaeS4?B (2015)K. Buckley (2017)
Larus glaucescensglaucous-winged gullbirdsLaridaeS4?B (2015)K. Buckley (2017)
Melospiza melodiasong sparrowbirdsPasserellidaeS5B (2015)A. Simon (2016); K. Toomer (2017)
Passerculus sandwichensissavannah sparrowbirdsPasserellidaeS5B (2015)M. Hoebel (2015)
Phalacrocorax auritusdouble-crested cormorantbirdsPhalacrocoracidaeS3S4B (2015)K. Buckley (2017)
Lophocampa argentatasilver-spotted tiger mothbutterflies & mothsErebidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Lophocampa roseatarosy aemiliabutterflies & mothsErebidaeN1 critically imperiled in CanadaD. McKechnie (2017)
Eupithecia sp.pug mothbutterflies & mothsGeometridaeL. Avis (2017)
Protodeltote albidulapale glyph mothbutterflies & mothsNoctuidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Armadillidium vulgarecommon pill-bugcrustaceansArmadillidiidaeunlistedA. Malcolm (2017)
Balanus glandulaacorn barnaclecrustaceansBalanidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Balanus nubilusgiant acorn barnaclecrustaceansBalanidaeunlistedK. Wall (2015)
Cancer productusred rock crabcrustaceansCancridaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Megalorchestia californianaCalifornia beach fleacrustaceansTalitridaeunlistedA. Simon (2018)
Hemigrapsus oregonensisyellow shore crabcrustaceansVarunidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016); A. Huggins (2018)
Pisaster ochraceusochre sea starechinodermsAsteriidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Cucumaria miniataorange sea cucumberechinodermsCucumariidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensisgreen sea urchinechinodermsStrongylocentrotidaeunlistedS. Fulgham (2018)
Pteridium aquilinumcommon brackenferns & alliesDennstaedtiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Polystichum munitumwestern sword fernferns & alliesDryopteridaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Equisetum arvensefield horsetailferns & alliesEquisetaceaeS5A. Huggins (2016)
Equisetum hyemale ssp. affinerough horsetailferns & alliesEquisetaceaeS5 (2015)A. Huggins (2016); A. Simon (2016)
Polypodium glycyrrhizalicorice fernferns & alliesPolypodiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Xiphister atropurpureusblack pricklebackfishStichaeidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Criorhina coquillettisyrphid flyfliesSyrphidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Hygrocybe sp.waxcapfungiHygrophoraceaeA. Jermakow (2018)
Pseudohydnum gelatinosumtoothed jelly fungusfungiincertae sedisunlistedA. Jermakow (2018)
Morchella snyderimorelfungiMorchellaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Strobilurus trullisatusfir-cone mushroomfungiPhysalacriaceaeunlistedA. Jermakow (2018)
Stereum hirsutumhairy curtain crustfungiStereaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2017)
Gymnopilus junoniusspectacular rustgillfungiStrophariaceaeunlistedG. Barber (2016)
Tremella mesentericawitch's butterfungiTremellaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Dactylis glomerataorchard grassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Distichlis spicataseashore saltgrassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeS4S5A. Simon (2016)
Elymus glaucusblue wild ryegrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Hordeum brachyantherummeadow barleygrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeS5 (2000)A. Simon (2016)
Leymus mollisAmerican dune grassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeS4S5 (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Melica subulataAlaska onion grassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Poa bulbosabulbous bluegrassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Poa infirmaweak bluegrassgrasses, sedges & rushesPoaceaeexoticF. Lomer (2014)
Camnula pellucidaclear-winged grasshoppergrasshoppers, crickets & katydidsAcrididaeS5 (2012)A. Simon (2016)
Conocephalus fasciatusslender meadow katydidgrasshoppers, crickets & katydidsTettigoniidaeS5 (2012)T. Ehlers (2017)
Atriplex patulacommon oracheherbsAmaranthaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Salicornia pacificaPacific salicorniaherbsAmaranthaceaeS5F. Erhard (2013); A. Simon (2016); T. Ehlers (2017)
Conioselinum gmeliniiWestern hemlock-parsleyherbsApiaceaeS5 (2015)A. Simon (2016); T. Ehlers (2017)
Daucus carotaQueen Anne’s laceherbsApiaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Oenanthe sarmentosaPacific water parsleyherbsApiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Osmorhiza berteroimountain sweet cicelyherbsApiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Sanicula crassicaulis var. crassicaulisPacific sanicleherbsApiaceaeS4A. Simon (2016)
Sanicula crassicaulis var. tripartitaPacific black-snakerootherbsApiaceaeS4A. Simon & A.J. Wright (2017)
Vinca majorgreater periwinkleherbsApocynaceaeexoticA. Colwell (2016)
Achillea millefolium var. californicaCalifornia yarrowherbsAsteraceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Ambrosia chamissonissilver beachweedherbsAsteraceaeS5A. Simon (2017)
Anisocarpus madioideswoodland madiaherbsAsteraceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Bellis perennisEnglish daisyherbsAsteraceaeexoticG.B Straley & K.W. Nicholis (1989); A. Colwell (2016); A. Simon (2016); L. Magner (2017)
Cirsium vulgarebull thistleherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Grindelia strictaOregon gumplantherbsAsteraceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Hieracium albiflorumwhite hawkweedherbsAsteraceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Hypochaeris radicatahairy cat’s-earherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Leontodon saxatilishairy hawkbitherbsAsteraceaeexoticaklass’ (2018)
Matricaria discoideapineapple-weedherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Mycelis muraliswall lettuceherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Sonchus arvensisfield sowthistleherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Tragopogon porrifoliussalsifyherbsAsteraceaeexoticA. Simon (2017); L. Marie (2018)
Amsinckia menziesiismall-flowered fiddleneckherbsBoraginaceaeS5 (2015)A. Huggins (2018)
Barbarea vulgarisbitter wintercressherbsBrassicaceaeexoticA. Simon (2017)
Cakile maritimasea rocketherbsBrassicaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Draba vernacommon drabaherbsBrassicaceaeexoticG.B Straley & K.W. Nicholis (1989)
Sysimbrium officinalemustardherbsBrassicaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Campanula scouleriscouler’s harebellherbsCampanulaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Plectritis congestashortspur seablushherbsCaprifoliaceaeS5A. Simon (2017); K. Toomer (2018)
Cerastium arvensefield chickweedherbsCaryophyllaceaeS5 (2015)T. Appleby (2018)
Sagina maxima subsp. maximacoastal pearlwortherbsCaryophyllaceaeS5 (2000)F. Lomer (2014)
Silene coronariarose campionherbsCaryophyllaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Spergularia canadensis var. occidentaliswestern sand-spurreyherbsCaryophyllaceaeS5 (2000)A. Simon (2016)
Cuscuta pacificagoldenthreadherbsConvolvulaceaeS4 (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Sedum spathulifoliumbroadleaf stonecropherbsCrassulaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); T. Appleby (2018)
Lathyrus nevadensis var. pilosellusSierra Nevada peavineherbsFabaceaeS5A. Simon (2017)
Trifolium dubiumlesser hop trefoilherbsFabaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Trifolium willdenoviitomcat cloverherbsFabaceaeS4A. Simon (2016)
Vicia hirsutahairy tareherbsFabaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Vicia lathyroidesspring vetchherbsFabaceaeS5 (2000)F. Lomer (2014)
Vicia sativacommon vetchherbsFabaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Crocus sp.crocusherbsIridaceaeexoticK. Buckley (2017)
Triglochin maritimacommon arrowgrassherbsJuncaginaceaeS5 (2000)A. Simon (2016); T. Ehlers (2017)
Clinopodium douglasiiyerba buenaherbsLamiaceaeS5 (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Erythronium cf. revolutumcoast fawn lilyherbsLiliaceaeS4 (2015)K. Sigvardsen (2016)
Montia howelliiHowell’s montiaherbsMontiaceaeS4? (2015)F. Lomer (2014)
Montia parvifoliasmall-leaved blinksherbsMontiaceaeS3S4 (2001)A. Simon (2016)
Epilobium minutumlittle willowherbherbsOnagraceaeS5A. Simon (2017)
Calypso bulbosa var. occidentaliswestern fairy slipperherbsOrchidaceaeS5S. Tweedale (2018)
Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentaliswestern spotted coralrootherbsOrchidaceaeSUC. Adler (2018)
Goodyera oblongifoliawestern rattlesnake plantainherbsOrchidaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); L.D. Chiasson (2017)
Piperia transversaroyal rein orchidherbsOrchidaceaeS3S4 (2001)A. Simon (2016)
Castilleja hispidaharsh indian paintbrushherbsOrobanchaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); K. Toomer (2018); S. Tweedale (2018)
Plantago elongataslender plantainherbsPlantaginaceaeS4 (2001)F. Lomer (2014)
Plantago lanceolataEnglish plantainherbsPlantaginaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Plantago maritima ssp. juncoidessea plantainherbsPlantaginaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Rumex crispuscurly dockherbsPolygonaceaeexoticA. Simon (2017)
Rumex salicifoliuswillow dockherbsPolygonaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Lysimachia latifoliawestern starflowerherbsPrimulaceaeS4S5 (2015)A. Simon (2016); A. Malcolm (2017)
Myosurus minimustiny mousetailherbsRanunculaceaeS3S4 (2015)F. Lomer (2014)
Fragaria vescawoodland strawberryherbsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2017)
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacificapacific silverweedherbsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Galium aparinecleaversherbsRubiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Heuchera micranthacrevice alumrootherbsSaxifragaceaeS4A. Simon (2016)
Chrysothrix granulosagold dust lichenlichensChrysothricaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2017)
Leptogium lichenoidestattered jellyskinlichensCollemataceaeS5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Graphis scriptacommon script lichenlichensGraphidaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Ionaspis lacustrisrusty brook lichenlichensHymeneliaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lecanora campestrisrim lichenlichensLecanoraceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lecanora confusarim lichenlichensLecanoraceaeunlistedA. Simon (2017)
Lecanora polytroparim lichenlichensLecanoraceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Myriolecis dispersamortar rim lichenlichensLecanoraceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lecidea hypnorumtile lichenlichensLecideaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lecidea sulphureatile lichenlichensLecideaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lobaria pulmonariatree lungwortlichensLobariaceaeS5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Sticta fuliginosapeppered moonlichensLobariaceaeS4 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Sticta limbatapowdered moonlichensLobariaceaeS3S4 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Aspicilia leprosescenssunken disc lichenlichensMegasporaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Tephromela atrablack-eye lichenlichensMycoblastaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Nephroma laevigatummustard pawlichensNephromataceaeS3S4 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Ochrolechia oregonensisdouble-rimmed saucer lichenlichensOchrolechiaceaeunlistedW.B. Schofield & F. Boas (1962)
Fuscopannaria maritimaseaside shinglelichensPannariaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Evernia prunastriantlered oakmosslichensParmeliaceaeS4S5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Hypogymnia tubulosapowder-headed tube lichenlichensParmeliaceaeS5 (2010)A. Simon (2016)
Melanelixia fuliginosashiny camouflagelichensParmeliaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Melanelixia glabratulacamouflage lichenlichensParmeliaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Parmelia sulcatahammered crottlelichensParmeliaceaeS5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974); A. Simon (2016)
Platismatia glaucaragbaglichensParmeliaceaeS5 (2010)A. Simon (2016)
Platismatia herreitattered raglichensParmeliaceaeS5 (2010)A. Simon (2016)
Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia s.lat.questionable rock froglichensParmeliaceaeSU (2010)A. Simon (2016)
Peltigera collinatree peltlichensPeltigeraceaeS4S5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Peltigera rufescensblack-bellied peltlichensPeltigeraceaeS5 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Pertusaria amarabitter wart lichenlichensPertusariaceaeS4 (2010)W.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Amandinea punctatatiny button lichenlichensPhysciaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Physcia caesiablue-grey rosette lichenlichensPhysciaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Rinodina gennariipepper-spore lichenlichensPhysciaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Porpidia soredizodesboulder lichenlichensPorpidiaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Cliostomum griffithiimulticoloured dot lichenlichensRamalinaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Lecania dudleyirim lichenlichensRamalinaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Ramalina dilaceratapunctured bushy lichenlichensRamalinaceaeS5 (2010)A. Simon (2017)
Ramalina farinaceafarinose cartilage lichenlichensRamalinaceaeS5 (2010)W.J. Noble (1974)
Ramalina menziesiifishnet lichenlichensRamalinaceaeS3S4 (2010)A. Simon, L. Magner & J. Magner (2017)
Rhizocarpon obscuratumdusky map lichenlichensRhizocarpaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Caloplaca cf. xanthostigmoideafiredot lichenlichensTeloschistaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2018)
Caloplaca luteominia var. luteominiafiredot lichenlichensTeloschistaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Trapelia coarctatalichenlichensTrapeliaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Normandina pulchellaelf-ear lichenlichensVerrucariaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & J. Coursely (1974)
Collemopsidium halodytes s.lat.barnacle lichenlichensXanthopyreniaceaeunlistedW.J. Noble & A. Crane (1976)
Homo sapienshumanmammalsHominidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Phoca vitulinaharbour sealmammalsPhocidaeS5 (2006)C. Miltner (2016)
Procyon lotorcommon raccoonmammalsProcyonidaeS5 (2015)A. Malcolm (2017)
Monadenia fidelisPacific sidebandmollusksBradybaenidaeS4 (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Myosotella myosotismouse-eared snailmollusksEllobiidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Littorina scutulatacheckered periwinklemollusksLittorinidaeunlistedK. Buckley (2017)
Littorina sitkanaSitka periwinklemollusksLittorinidaeunlistedK. Buckley (2017)
Lottia digitalisfingered limpetmollusksLottiidaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Ruditapes philippinarumJapanese littleneckmollusksVeneridaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Pseudoscleropodium purumneat feather-mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsBrachytheciaceaeexoticW.B. Schofield (1974)
Dicranoweisia cirratacommon pincushionmosses, liverworts & hornwortsDicranaceaeS3S4 (2015)A. Simon (2016)
Dicranoweisia cirratacommon pincushionmosses, liverworts & hornwortsDicranaceaeS3S4 (2015)W.B. Schofield (1974)
Ceratodon purpureusfire mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsDitrichaceaeS5W.B. Schofield & F.M. Boas (1962)
Niphotrichum elongatumlong fringe-mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsGrimmiaceaeS4S5A. Simon (2016)
Hylocomium splendensglittering wood-mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsHylocomiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017)
Rhytidiadelphus triquetruselectrified cat’s-tail mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsHylocomiaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017)
Hypnum cupressiformecypess-leaved plaitmossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsHypnaceaeS4S5 (2011)W.B. Schofield (1974)
Orthotrichum rupestrerock bristle-mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsOrthotrichaceaeS4 (2015)W.B. Schofield (1974)
Ulota phyllanthafrizzled pincushionmosses, liverworts & hornwortsOrthotrichaceaeS4S5 (2015)A. Simon (2017)
Polytrichum juniperinumjuniper haircap mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsPolytrichaceaeS5W.B. Schofield & F.M. Boas (1962)
Syntrichia princepsbrown screw-mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsPottiaceaeS4S5 (2015)W.B. Schofield (1974)
Timmiella crassinervistimmiella mossmosses, liverworts & hornwortsPottiaceaeS3S4 (2015)W.B. Schofield (1974)
Sambucus racemosared elderberryshrubsAdoxaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Berberis aquifoliumOregon-grapeshrubsBerberidaceaeS5L. Magner (2016); A. Simon (2016)
Berberis nervosadull Oregon-grapeshrubsBerberidaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Lonicera ciliosaorange honeysuckleshrubsCaprifoliaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Lonicera hispidulapink honeysuckleshrubsCaprifoliaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatuscommon snowberryshrubsCaprifoliaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Paxistima myrsinitesfalse-boxshrubsCelastraceaeS5A. Simon (2016); L. Magner (2017)
Juniperus maritimaseaside junipershrubsCupressaceaeS4 (2017)F. Lomer (2014); A. Simon (2016)
Shepherdia canadensissopalalishrubsElaeagnaceaeS5 (2015)G.B Straley & K.W. Nicholis (1989); A. Simon (2016)
Gaultheria shallonsalalshrubsEricaceaeS5K. Buckley (2017)
Vaccinium parvifoliumred huckleberryshrubsEricaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Ribes divaricatumwild gooseberryshrubsGrossulariaceaeS5A. Huggins (2016); A. Simon (2016)
Ribes sanguineumred-flowering currantshrubsGrossulariaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); L. Magner (2017); A. Huggins (2017)
Rhamnus purshianacascarashrubsRhamnaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Amelanchier floridasaskatoonshrubsRosaceaeS4S5L. Magner (2015); A. Simon (2016)
Holodiscus discoloroceansprayshrubsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Malus fuscaPacific crab appleshrubsRosaceaeS5 (2000)A. Simon (2018)
Malus x domesticadomestic appleshrubsRosaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Prunus emarginatabitter cherryshrubsRosaceaeS5A. Trifonidis (2016); T. Ehlers (2017); A. Simon (2018)
Pyrus sp.pearshrubsRosaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Rosa gymnocarpabaldhip roseshrubsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Rosa nutkanaNootka roseshrubsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2016); K. Buckley (2017)
Rubus laciniatuscutleaf blackberryshrubsRosaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)
Rubus ursinustrailing blackberryshrubsRosaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Salix scoulerianaScouler’s willowshrubsSalicaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Taxus brevifoliaPacific yewshrubsTaxaceaeS5 (2000); G4G5 (2016)A. Trifonidis (2016); A. Simon (2016)
Lycogala epidendrumwolf's milkslime moldsTubiferaceaeunlistedA. Simon (2016)
Eratigena atricagiant house spiderspidersAgelenidaeSNA (2016)A. Simon (2016)
Castianeira longipalpaant-mimic spiderspidersCorinnidaeSNRA. Simon (2016)
Dysdera crocatawoodlouse spiderspidersDysderidaeexoticA. Simon (2017)
Pardosa sp.thinlegged wolf spiderspidersLycosidaeA. Simon (2016)
Alnus rubrared aldertreesBetulaceaeS5A. Simon (2016)
Thuja plicatawestern redcedartreesCupressaceaeS5A. Trifonidis (2016)
Arbutus menziesiiarbutustreesEricaceaeS4A. Trifonidis (2016); K. Buckley (2017); A. Simon (2017); A. Jermakow (2018)
Quercus garryanaGarry oaktreesFagaceaeS5A. Trifonidis (2016); A. Huggins (2017)
Abies grandisgrand firtreesPinaceaeS5A. Trifonidis (2016)
Pseudotsuga menziesiicoastal Douglas-firtreesPinaceaeS5A. Trifonidis (2016)
Tsuga heterophyllawestern hemlocktreesPinaceaeS5 (2015)A. Trifonidis (2016); A. Simon (2018)
Prunus domesticadomestic plumtreesRosaceaeexoticA. Simon (2016)

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