The Orchids of Galiano Island, BC

Last updated December 2018

To date our community has documented 9 orchids (Family: Orchidaceae) for Galiano Island, confirming 75% of the historical records and adding 3 new species to the list. We have also documented a rare variety of coralroot orchid (Corallorhiza maculata var. ozettensis), which, outside of the southern Gulf Islands, is only known from the northwest coast of the Olympic Peninsula. A total of 11 orchid species are now reported for the island. Of these reported species, the Alaska rein orchid (Platanthera unalascensis) and elegant rein orchid (Platanthera elegans) remain undocumented on the project.

There are 39 species of orchid known to the Pacific Northwest (Legler 2018); 37 species known to British Columbia (E-Flora 2019); and 15 species known to the southern Gulf Islands (Janszen 2002). Our local orchid diversity thus represents less than a third of the broader regional and provincial diversity, and about 73% of the diversity reported for the southern Gulf Islands.

Below you can explore a data visualization of the orchids reported for Galiano. Click the links to view local Galiano island-based observations of the species documented so far.

  • Reported Orchid Diversity: Galiano Island vs the Pacific Northwest [11:39 spp.] (Legler 2018)) 28%
  • Reported Orchid Diversity: Galiano Island vs British Columbia [11:37 spp.] (E-Flora 2019) 30%
  • Reported Orchid Diversity: Galiano Island vs. the southern Gulf Islands [11:15 spp] (Janszen 2002) 73%

Local Observations